Three-dimensional geometrical modelling of the femoral intramedullary cavity using ring cyclide model
Alp Akman1, Ahmet Fahir Demirkan1, Nuran Sabir Akkoyunlu2
1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
2Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Pamukkale University, Denizli, Turkey
Keywords: Anthropometry, bowing of the femur, humans, ring cyclide
Objectives: This study aims to investigate if geometrical modelling in addition to three-dimensional (3D) modelling will standardize models and allow performing mathematical calculations easily for the compatibility of femoral implant curvature.
Patients and methods: The study included 50 subjects (27 males, 23 females; mean age 55 years; range, 21 to 84 years). The femoral shaft intramedullary cavity was resembled into a chord of the ring cyclide, where the rotational radius was centered at its smallest radius. A 3D evaluation of the left femoral computed tomography data of the subjects was used to investigate the population parameters. The fitting was defined as being between the anterior and posterior border radii in the sagittal plane.
Results: The best fitting radius of implants was in between 90 to 99 cm in 72% of subjects in our sample. These radii values were lower than the mean intramedullary and cortical centerline radii which had only 62% and 50% fittings, respectively, among our population sample. The bowing radii and the smallest intramedullary width increased with the femoral length. These values were not affected by gender.
Conclusion: This modelling may have value for understanding femoral shaft intramedullary cavity geometry and may be a good tool to assess implant fitting.
Citation: Akman A, Demirkan AF, Sabir Akkoyunlu N. Three- dimensional geometrical modelling of the femoral intramedullary cavity using ring cyclide model. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2020;31(1):14-19.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.