Mortality rates of hip fracture patients with non-operative treatment
1Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Seoul National University Boramae Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea
2Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Bundang Jesaeng General Hospital, Seongnam, South Korea
Keywords: Conservative treatment, epidemiology, femoral neck fractures hip fractures, mortality, prognosis.
Objectives: In this study, we aimed to analyze patient mortality rate after non-operative treatment of hip fractures to determine the distribution of causes of death and to compare factors affecting mortality.
Patients and methods: Between January 2013 and March 2019, a total of 93 patients (17 males, 76 females; mean age: 86.0±7.4 years; range, 64 to 98 years) who had hip fractures and were treated non-operatively were analyzed retrospectively. Survival, date of death, and cause of death were collected and analyzed. Baseline demographics, pre-trauma ambulation, pre- and post-trauma residence status, American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status (ASA PS) classification, and Parker’s mobility score were compared with one-year mortality rates.
Results: The mean follow-up of survivors was 16.1±11.9 (range, 6.3 to 79.6) months. The mean survival of non-survivors was 4.9±6.1 (range, 0.007 to 27.3) months. The 3-, 6-, 12-, and 24-month mortality rates were 40.9%, 53.3%, 74.4%, and 87.5%, respectively. Respiratory diseases (33.3%) and cardiovascular diseases (13.6%) were the main causes of death among the patients. There was no statistically significant difference between the patients’ age, sex, fracture site, pre-trauma ambulation, pre- and post-trauma residence status, ASA PS classification, Parker’s mobility score, and one-year mortality.
Conclusion: A significant number of patients are still treated non-operatively after hip fractures, and they have a high mortality rate. Efforts and research are needed to reduce mortality and improve the quality of life.
Citation: Lee J, Shin KY, Nam HW, Oh M, Shim GS. Mortality rates of hip fracture patients with non-operative treatment. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2022;33(1):17-23.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.