Zoltán Csernátony1, Gyula Győrfi1, Sándor Barna2, Sándor Manó3, János Szabó1, Lei Zhang1

1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary
2Department of Radiology, Scanomed Ltd, Debrecen, Hungary
3Laboratory of Biomechanics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary

Keywords: Hip dysplasia, osteoarthritis, roof step cut, total hip replacement.


Objectives: This study aims to present a new technique, the roof step cut (RSC), for acetabular augmentation of hip dysplasia.

Patients and methods: Between December 2008 and March 2020, we applied the RSC technique in a total of 48 hips of 41 patients (2 males, 39 females; mean age: 50.1±9.5 years; range, 30 to 75 years) with Hartofilakidis type A, B, C hip dysplasia. The RSC technique uses a L-shaped graft cut from the femoral head. The graft is partially inside the acetabulum and partially on the lateral aspect of the ilium. It is fixed with two screws at a 45° angle allowing simultaneous distalization and lateral covering of the cementless cup. Follow-up was done at six weeks, three months, and annually thereafter using standard pelvis anteroposterior X-ray and function scores. The 99mTc bone scintigraphy examination was also performed at around two weeks, six months, and 12 months postoperatively to evaluate the healing process of the graft.

Results: The mean follow-up time was 59.6±25.6 (range, 12 to 109) months. No significant center-edge angle changes and no contiguous radiolucent zones at the boneprosthesis interface were observed at the final follow-up. The single-photon emission tomography (SPECT) showed the activity of the bone graft gradually increased after surgery and became almost the same as the reference area after 12 months. Functional evaluation showed a significant improvement after the operation. No complication directly related to the technique was observed.

Conclusion: In the short-term follow-up, the RSC technique is a reliable procedure for acetabular augmentation of hip dysplasia, providing enough coverage for the cementless cup and assuring proper stability.

Citation: Csernátony Z, Győrfi G, Barna S, Manó S, Szabó J, Zhang L. The roof step cut: A novel technique for bony reconstruction of acetabular roof deficiency during total hip replacement. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2022;33(1):9-16.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

This project was supported by Bridging Fund 2021 University of Debrecen, Faculty of Medicine.