Benign bone tumors of hand and wrist: evaluation of diagnosis and treatment
Özgür Erdoğan1, Volkan Gürkan2
1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Health Sciences University, Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Bezmialem Vakıf University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Bone, hand, lesion, tumor, wrist
Objectives: This study aims to investigate the choice of graft or cement, the relationship between the graft types and union rates, functional results, and complications in hand and wrist benign bone lesions while also evaluating the diagnosis and treatment modalities of lesions with high recurrence potential like giant cell- containing lesions.
Patients and methods: Between September 2005 and May 2016, 48 benign osseous hand and wrist tumors of 48 patients (22 males, 26 females; mean age 33±13.1 years; range, 11 to 70 years) were reviewed retrospectively. Patients were evaluated according to demographic data, complaints at admission, radiological findings, surgical methods, graft type, pathological diagnosis, and complications.
Results: Although not statistically significant, there were differences between cement, allograft, and autograft according to union time and loss of range of motion. There was no statistical difference between cement, allograft, and autograft according to complications.
Conclusion: Autograft obtained percutaneously with a trephine needle may provide earlier union with minimal donor site morbidity. Wide resection and reconstruction options should be kept in mind in giant cell-containing tumors. Further investigations are needed about the relationship between soft tissue edema in magnetic resonance imaging and the recurrence risk in hand and wrist benign bone tumors.
Citation: Erdoğan Ö, Gürkan V. Benign bone tumors of hand and wrist: evaluation of diagnosis and treatment. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2020;31(1):81-87.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.