Hybrid solution combining osteosynthesis and endoprosthesis for double column acetabular fractures in the elderly provide more stability with finite element model
András Kocsis1, Károly Váradi2, Gábor Szalai2, Tamás Kovács1, Tamás Bodzay1
02Budapest University of Technology and Economics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering,
Department of Machine and Product Design, Hungary
1Jeno Manninger National Institute of Traumatology, Budapest, Hungary
Keywords: Acetabular fracture, acetabulum, finite element model, pelvic trauma, plate osteosynthesis, total hip replacement.
Objectives: This study aims to compare mechanical stability of osteosynthesis (plate and screw fixation) alone versus the same method supplemented with hip arthroplasty (hybrid solution) for double column fractures in elderly.
Patients and methods: Mechanical investigations were performed on an advanced finite element pelvis model developed for double column fractures. The following simulated implant combinations were analyzed: modular acetabular basket with a ring with polyaxial screws and U-plate; plates with polyaxial screws placed on the medialhorizontal (linea terminalis) and quadrilateral bone surfaces; modular acetabular cup with U-plates; and polyaxial screws in sizes optimized based on a finite element model (FEM). Using the models, the possible shifts in peak load positions arising in different movement patterns caused by load and tension and implant deformation were measured.
Results: Hybrid systems resulted in minimal deformation of the implants already available on the market. We observed less possible shifts and greater stability in the acetabular fracture zones, compared to conventional osteosynthesis alone. Optimization with available and compatible implant sizes led to a further significant increase in stability.
Conclusion: Hybrid method combining osteosynthesis and prosthesis implantation provide more stability in biomechanical models in the treatment of double column fractures in elderly.