Surgical treatment of bilateral femoral stress fractures related with long-term alendronate therapy
Ulunay Kanatlı, M. Baybars Ataoğlu, Mustafa Özer, H. Nevzat Topçu, Mehmet Çetinkaya
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Medical Faculty of Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Alendronate, femoral fracture, fracture fixation, stress fracture.
A 67-year-old female patient admitted to our outpatient clinic suffering from pain in both thighs for one year without any history of trauma. Patient was receiving alendronate therapy for five years. Physical examination revealed pain increasing with weight-bearing in both thighs with full range of hip and knee movements. Radiographs showed an area of thickened cortex of middle femoral diaphysis in both femurs, but no fracture. Bone scan showed a single area of increased uptake of radioisotope. These images were compatible with stress fractures of both femurs. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry revealed a T-score of -3.2 for the lumbar spine and -3.5 for the hip. Alendronate treatment was ceased. Calcium and vitamin D treatment were started. Patient was performed prophylactic surgical stabilization by titanium elastic nails in May 2009. On first day after the surgery, unsupported mobilization and weight-bearing activities were started. Upon persistence of pain on left thigh, plate fixation was performed for the nonunion in June 2012. Patient is now pain-free and able to walk with full weight-bearing without any complications.