Ahmet Fevzi Kekeç1, Bedii Şafak Güngör2

1Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Necmettin Erbakan University, Meram Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey
2Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Keywords: Allograft, hemipelvectomy, pelvic bones, sarcoma, transplantation.


Objectives: This study aims to evaluate survival of patients and implants, functions, and morbidity of surgical technique of reconstruction with a fresh-frozen massive pelvic allograft following a pelvic resection.

Patients and methods: Between January 2009 and December 2016, a total of 19 patients (12 males, 7 females; mean age: 35.8±14.4 years; range, 10 to 53 years) who underwent reconstruction with fresh-frozen massive allograft after internal hemipelvectomy were retrospectively analyzed. Patients̓ age, sex, resection types, histopathology and grades, surgical margins, operative times, intraoperative blood loss, complications experienced during their treatment (infection, dislocation, implant failure, nonunion, local recurrence and metastasis), neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies they received, and functional scores were revelaed and analyzed in 10 years period.

Results: According to the Enneking and Dunham classification, two (10%) patients had type I resection only, six (32%) had type I-II, one (5%) had a type II resection, one (5%) had type II-III resection, three (16%) had type I-II-III resection, one (5%) had type I-IV resection, and five (26%) had type I-II-IV resection. The resection involved the acetabulum (type II) in all, but three patients. Several complications were seen in 12 patients, although seven patients had no complication. Pelvic resections had a high mortality rate in patients with malignant tumors and reconstruction with massive allograft had a high morbidity rate with susceptibility to many complications. Prolonged surgical time was found to be directly related to blood loss. Deep infection significantly worsened functional results.

Conclusion: Despite the high complication rates seen in pelvic resections, massive pelvic allografts represent a valid option for reconstruction after resection of pelvic tumors, but due to the associated morbidity, patients should be carefully selected.

Citation: Kekeç AF, Güngör BŞ. Mid-term outcomes of hemipelvic allograft reconstruction after pelvic bone tumor resections. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2022;33(1):117-131.

Conflict of Interest

The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.

Financial Disclosure

The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.