Using the modified Ponseti method to treat complex clubfoot: Early results
Celal Bozkurt, Baran Sarıkaya, Serkan Sipahioğlu, Mehmet Akif Altay, Baki Volkan Çetin
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Harran University Faculty of Medicine, Şanlıurfa, Turkey
Keywords: Clubfoot, complex clubfoot, modified Ponseti method, Ponseti method
Objectives: This study aims to present the results of complex clubfoot patients treated with modified Ponseti method and put forth the warning clinical signs of complex deformities.
Patients and methods: A total of 11 patients (10 males, 1 female; mean age 60.1±49.7; range, 2 to 180 days) with 16 complex clubfeet treated with modified Ponseti method were included in this study conducted between January 2016 and June 2019. All the data of the patients were collected prospectively and reviewed retrospectively. Demographic features, clubfoot severity, number of casts, position of each foot before cast removal, ankle dorsiflexion (DF), complications, and additional procedures were noted at all clinical visits.
Results: Eleven (11.2%) of 98 patients had complex clubfoot deformity. Six (7.7%) of 78 newly diagnosed patients and five (25%) of 20 referred patients had complex clubfeet. We treated 16 complex clubfeet of 11 patients. The mean follow-up period was 13.3 (range, 10 to 16) months. All deformities were initially corrected using a mean of seven (range, 5 to 8) casts and Achilles tenotomy. Relapses occurred in three (18.75%) patients, but all recovered after recasting. The creases above the heels disappeared in all of the patients, whereas plantar creases persisted on two (12.5%) feet. Pirani scores and DF improved statistically significantly after treatment, and DF improved significantly between tenotomy and the final visit.
Conclusion: The modified Ponseti method is an effective treatment for complex clubfoot. Classical clinical appearance, treatment-resistant deformities and referred patients should be warning signs for complex clubfoot.
Citation: Bozkurt, C, Sarıkaya B, Sipahioğlu S, Altay MA, Çetin BV. Using the modified Ponseti method to treat complex clubfoot: Early results. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021;32(1):170-176.
The authors declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The authors received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.