Combined palmar and dorsal plating of four-part distal radius fractures: Our clinical and radiological results
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Haydarpaşa Numune Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
Keywords: Distal radius fracture, dorsal plating, dual approach, miniplate, palmar plating
Objectives: This study aims to investigate the radiological and clinical outcomes of four-part intraarticular distal radius fractures treated with a volar anatomically locked plate and 2 mm low-profile plates using both the volar and dorsal approaches.
Patients and methods: This retrospective study included 20 patients (8 males, 12 females; mean age 47±12.1; range, 25 to 67 years) who received open reduction and internal fixation with combined volar and dorsal plating to treat complex four-part distal radius fractures (shaft, radial styloid area, dorsal medial facet, volar medial facet) between May 2016 and January 2019. According to Arbeitsgemeinschaft für Osteosynthesefragen (AO) classification, all fractures were 2R3-C3. According to Melone classification, one fracture was type 1, seven fractures were type 2a, three were type 2b, three were type 3 and six were type 4. The mean follow-up time was 21±7.5 (range, 12 to 36) months.
Results: Union was achieved in all fractures. The mean tourniquet time was 103±12 (range, 90 to 130) minutes. The mean Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire score was 10±9, and the mean Visual Analog Scale score was 2.1±0.9. According to Mayo wrist score, five patients had excellent, six had good, six had satisfactory and three had poor results. The mean grip strength was 25.2±9.2 (range, 15 to 40) kg and 78% of opposite side. Mean wrist flexion was 48.7°±15.3° (range, 30° to 80°), extension was 52.2°±17.2° (range, 25° to 80°), radio-ulnar deviation arc was 40.7°±6.9° (range, 30° to 55°), and mean forearm rotation arc was 152.3°±11° (range, 130° to 170°).
Conclusion: Plating method with a dual approach may be an alternative for four-part intraarticular distal radius fractures given its early mobility advantage and satisfactory functional and radiological results.
Citation: Kibar B. Combined palmar and dorsal plating of four- part distal radius fractures: Our clinical and radiological results. Jt Dis Relat Surg 2021;32(1):59-66.
The author declared no conflicts of interest with respect to the authorship and/or publication of this article.
The author received no financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article.